About Zambia


“One Zambia, One Nation”

Population

  • 14 million total for the whole country
  • Most people live in rural villages
  • Capital city is Lusaka
  • Population of capital is 1 million

Geography

  • Located in Southern Africa
  • Has borders with 8 countries
  • Landlocked (no sea port)
  • Land size is as big as Texas
  • Has 10 provinces; 74 districts

History

  • David Livingstone was a missionary from Scotland and the first white man to enter Zambia in 1852.
  • Zambia is a former British colony called Northern Rhodesia.
  • Became independent country on October 24, 1964

Politics

  • Zambia has held six (6) presidential elections in last 20 years.
  • Three (3) different political parties have held the office of the president.
  • Edgar Lungu was elected as president in January 2015.
  • The Post Newspaper has a website

Economics

  • 60% of Zambians live on less than $1 per day.
  • The exchange rate is 7.5 Zambian kwacha to 1 US dollar.
  • The main export is copper.
  • The main crop is corn.

Health

  • Average life expectancy in Zambia is 40 years.
  • 14% of adults are HIV positive.
  • There is a shortage of doctors. Zambia has 1 doctor for 14,000 people. Compare that to the U.S., which has 1 doctor for 400 people.

Sports

  • Soccer is the favorite sport.
  • Chipolopolo is the national soccer team.
  • Zambia won the Africa Cup of Nations tournament for the first time in February 2012 in Gabon. The penalty shoot-out with Ivory Coast in the final game is on YouTube.
  • This win is significant because in 1993 the entire national team was killed in plane crash in Gabon.

Food

  • The staple food, called nshima, is eaten 3 times per day.
  • Nshima is prepared from mealie-meal, which is ground corn kernels.
  • Relish (cabbage, beans, or spinach) or side dish is eaten with the nshima.
  • Chicken is the most readily available meat.

Weather

  • The seasons are opposite of the U.S. because Zambia is south of the Equator.
  • The 3 main seasons:
    • Hot season = September to November (high of 100 degrees F)
    • Rainy season = December to April (usually rains every day)
    • Cold season = May to August (low of 45 degrees F at night)

Tourism

  • zambiatourism.com
  • Victoria Falls
    • 1 of 7 Natural Wonders of the World
    • 2 times higher than Niagara Falls and 3 times wider
    • Amount of water flow depend on season
  • Lunar Rainbow during full moon
  • Game Parks
  • 19 National Parks in Zambia
  • Safari drive to view the Big 5 animals: elephant, lion, leopard, water buffalo, and rhino

Culture

  • 73 different people groups in Zambia
  • 4 most common people groups:
    • North = Bemba
    • West = Lozi
    • East = Chewa
    • South = Tonga

Language

  • English is the official language of Zambia.
  • The local language for the Southern Province is Chitonga.
  • Examples:
    • “Mwabuka buti” = Good Morning. How are you?
    • “Kabotu” = I am fine.
    • “Twalumba” = Thank you.

Education

  • Basic School = grades 1 to 9
  • High School = grades 10 to 12
  • Boarding schools are popular
  • British System = 3 months on; 1 month off
  • April, August, and December are vacation months
  • College = University of Zambia (UNZA)